Periodontics - Gum Treatment
Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth. This disease is very common in the US, over 75% of American adults over the age of 35 suffer from some level of periodontal (gum) disease.
Gum disease is generated when your mouth builds up plaque, a sticky colorless film of bacteria that forms on your teeth. If this bacteria is left untreated, it causes inflammation which leads to gingivitis. Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease. It produces red, swollen gums that bleed and feel irritated . If left unattended, it could lead to periodontitis. Periodontitis is a more severe and advanced stage with loss of gum attachment and bone resorption around the teeth. It's caused by the plaque and tartar that accumulates below the gums affecting the tissues that surround and support the teeth.
Your body's natural response to infection starts to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold your teeth in place. If this disease is not treated, the bones, gums, and tissue that support the teeth are destroyed causing the tooth to possibly become loose and have to be removed.